Effects of whole body vibration training on cardiorespiratory fitness and muscle strength in older individuals (A 1-year randomised controlled trial)

Age and Ageing. Vol. 38(4), pp: 448-454, 2009

Whole Body Vibration training appears to be an efficient alternative for conventional resistance training in older individuals. This trial assessed the effects of 1-year Wholoe Body Vibration training on cardiorespiratory fitness and muscle strength in community-dwelling adults over the age of 60. A group of 220 adults were randomly assigned to a WBV group, fitness group or control group. The WBV group exercised on a vibration platform, and the fitness group performed cardiovascular, resistance, balance and stretching exercises. The control group did not participate in any training. Results: heart rate increased significantly during WBV training. After 1 year, VO2peak, TPE and muscle strength increased significantly in the WBV and fitness groups. Both training groups improved similarly in VO2peak and muscle strength. The fitness group improved significantly more in TPE than the WBV group.

Conclusion: Whole Body Vibration training in community-dwelling elderly appears to be efficient to improve cardiorespiratory fitness and muscle strength.